at the core of health
Microbiota Newsletter n°6
Dear readers, celiac disease, first discovered by the English paediatrician Samuel Jones Gee more than 100 years ago, has since evolved in terms of status. Initially considered to be an exclusively paediatric disease characterized by malabsorption and exacerbated by certain dietary practices, it was later found to be a chronic autoimmune disease occurring at any age and characterized by systemic manifestations. The pro inflammatory triggering antigen – gluten – as well as the pathophysiology of the disease, are now well understood. Nevertheless, two observations raise questions today and need to be addressed. The first concerns the recent, rapid rise in the worldwide prevalence of celiac disease over the past 50 years; the second relates to the fact that only 2-5% of genetically susceptible individuals actually develop the disease, whether from an early age or after decades of gluten consumption.Read more
An expert's opinion
«Bacteria found in atheromatous plaque may be the source of inflammation of the vascular endothelium»
The intestinal microbiota is an organ in its own right.
Better characterized thanks to metagenomics, it is gradually giving up its secrets. Highly diversified, it lives in close relationship with its host. Formed from birth, it is specific to each individual and fulfills different functions within the body: barrier effect, trophic, metabolic and immune functions, etc., as well as others that remain to be elucidated.
The vaginal microbiota is an ecosystem constituted of microorganisms, where the genus Lactobacillus predominates. Its equilibrium is fragile and changes in its composition cause infections.Voir
Cutaneous microbiota is extremely diverse. Its composition varies according to the cutaneous zone and between individuals, and its imbalance is associated with skin diseases.Voir
The pulmonary microbiota was unknown for a long time, since it was commonly accepted that healthy lungs are sterile. This paradigm was cast into doubt with the discovery of the various human microbiota.Voir
Choose the language in which you wish to receive the newsletter