Dietary supplements for acne?

Acne is a complex skin disease that involves several mechanisms. Among them, the colonization of the cutaneous microbiota by Propionibacterium acnes requires this cutaneous condition to be treated with antibiotics. However, the massive use of these medications poses its own problems (development of antibiotic resistance, side effects, etc.), which has prompted researchers to develop alternative therapies.

More and more work on the role of the intestinal microbiota shows that it modulates reactions between our body and the food we eat, and that it is an important mediator for inflammation, both in the intestine and throughout our entire bodies.

One hypothesis about the origin of acne is that it results from dysbiosis in the intestinal microbiota, as Ashley H. Clark’s team mentions in the International Journal of Molecular Sciences. Several studies have provided evidence for the use of prebiotics to accompany antibiotic treatment. Furthermore, a low glycemic index diet, high in vegetables and low in simple sugars, improves acne through various mechanisms that are still poorly understood.

Consequently, the authors suggest that consuming fiber and polyphenols, either in the diet or as dietary supplements, may offer a new therapeutic option against moderate acne as an alternative to antibiotics.

 

Sources:
Clark, A.K.; Haas, K.N.; Sivamani, R.K. Edible Plants and Their Influence on the Gut Microbiome and Acne. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2017, 18, 1070. http://www.mdpi.com/1422-0067/18/5/1070