An unusual transplant!
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Fecal microbiota transplant (FMT), also known as stool transplant, is another method which may well prove promising16. Currently prescribed to treat a sole condition far removed from obesity (recurrent Clostridium difficile infections), the procedure consists in this case in transferring (sidenote: Microorganisms Living organisms that are too small to be seen with the naked eye. They include bacteria, viruses, fungi, archaea and protozoa, and are commonly referred to as “microbes”. ) contained in the stool of donors with normal BMI to obese recipients to “correct” their flora17.
Several research teams are currently exploring the potential value of this approach. They are thoroughly examining its effect on gut microbiota restoration, eating behavior and the proper use of energy resources based on calories consumed17.
16. Lee P et al. Gut microbiota and obesity: An opportunity to alter obesity through faecal microbiota transplant (FMT). Diabetes Obes Metab. 2019;21(3):479-490.
17. Micro-organismes vivants (bactéries, levures) qui, lorsqu’ils sont ingérés en quantité suffisante, ont un effet bénéfique sur la santé de l’hôte. On en trouve dans les aliments fermentés (yaourt, kéfir, choucroute…), sous forme de médicaments ou de compléments alimentaires.