The recent discovery of the urinary microbiota has opened a completely new field of scientific research.
Some urinary diseases may be caused by imbalance in this microbiota.
Less studied than the intestinal microbiota, the urinary microbiota is indeed less well-known: all we really know is that it is less rich and less varied. It is composed primarily of lactobacilli and, to a lesser extent, the bacterial groups Streptococcus, Staphylococcus, Corynebacteria, and Gardnerella. The role of these bacteria and the factors that influence their presence are not yet known and need to be studied.
Recent work has cast doubt on the idea that the urinary bladder is a sterile environment, and that urinary infections are related to bacteria of intestinal origin.
It now seems that imbalance in the bacterial population that comprises the urinary microbiota (dysbiosis) may be responsible, particularly in the onset of urinary infections or in some urinary tract or prostate diseases.
Studies currently being conducted on the urinary microbiota may lead to new methods of preventing or treating urinary problems.
There are 2 ways to affect the equilibrium of microbiotas. Each of them has its own specific features.
The terms “microbiota” and intestinal flora both refer to the collection of microorganisms present in our gastrointestinal tract.
There are different ways of taking care of your gastrointestinal microbiota. For example, taking probiotics or prebiotics and having a balanced diet.
More than 10,000 billion bacteria are present in our intestines.
Besides the intestinal microbiota, our body hosts microorganisms in different places. We also have a vaginal microbiota in women, and cutaneous, ENT, buccal, bronchial, and urinary microbiotas.
Imbalance in the microbiota, also called dysbiosis, can result from an unsuitable diet, but also from taking certain medications (such as antibiotics), or from stress